Nowruz is one of the most ancient world festivals and Iranians and many independent countries such as Azerbaijan, Afghanistan and Turkmenistan celebrate it. Surfing Persia tour operator in Shiraz, Iran welcome tourists from around the world and who are interested in visiting Iran and Iranian customs during the New Year, Nowruz.
Noruz is celebrated on the 20th of March at the start of spring equinox with 3000 years history and continues for 13 days. Nowruz literally donnotates the nature renewal of itself after overcoming the hardness of winter, therefore, it is a symbol of renewal in other aspects of life like: personal life and interpersonal relations.
The table of Haft Sin for thirteen days of Nowruz consists of seven immortal holy items that begin with “S” in Persian language like Seeb (apple), Sir (garlic), Senjed (berry) , Samanu (a traditional sweet meal), Serke (vinegar), Somagh (sumac) and Sabze (green shoots) symbolizing rebirth. Moreover, there are some other items with their own meanings Mirror, Candles, Small gold fish, Colorful eggs, Seke (coins), Quran, Hafiz’s poetry book, Clock and many traditional sweets and delicacies.
The Occasions of Nowruz
Ten days before Nowruz festival, Iranians traditionally clean the houses and wash carpets which is called Khane –Tekani (spring cleaning). Symbolically, due to Zoroastrian traditions, it is carried out to welcome the spirits of ancestors to their previous houses and entertain them. During the 13 days of Noruz, Dido-Bazdid (The New Year Greetings) is the main custom of Iranians which is meant going to families and relative’s houses, as well as, giving and receiving gifts.
On the first day of Nowruz, Haji Firuz appears in streets with soothed face, bright red clothes and a felt hat who plays Tambourine and sing, It is Haji Firuz time, it happens one day in a year. Iranian people of all ages gather with happiness in streets, cheer with him and musicians and dance. In Persian time, Nowruz festival was celebrated by competitions including horse driving, Boz-Keshi, running, boxing, throwing the Javelin, fighting (one- to- one), Band-keshi. In most cases athletics were appreciated and prized by people.
Sizda Bedar is celebrated on the thirteen day of Nowruz or 2-3nd of April. The myth of Sizda-Bedar has literally meaning passing the thirteenth day and figuratively meaning passing the bad luck of the, thirteenth, day in Persian culture. Throughout this day, families and friends would go on picnics in outdoor areas like parks and jungles near rivers where the greenness of nature and celebrate Sizda-Bedar with festivities which are often accompanied with music, dancing and doing some sports.