Ecbatana or Hegmataneh is the ancient name of the present Hamadan. This city is situated in the southwest part of Tehran with a distance of 290kms. It is considered as one of the oldest urban sites of the World. Hegmataneh was the capital of the old Persia at Achaemenid time. According to Herodotus, the Greek historian, Ecbatana is well-known for its glory. The site was built with precious metals and city wall with seven layers. The inner two layers were covered with silver and gold. The name Ecbatana means an assembly place.
Historically speaking, Hamedan is one of the centers of civilization. The origins date back to the centuries before the Christ. In legendary historical stories about Hamedan, the city had a castle named Haft Hesar which means seven walls. This castle had a thousand of rooms and its magnificence and majesty was like of the Babylon tower.
Hamadan has a pleasantly cold weather in August but a freezing cool from December to March. There is a foggy weather in the summer in this city but the air in a spring day is clear.
The language of Hamedan people is originally Persian. The people in this ancient city like many other cities speak with a Hamedani accent.
Bu ali Sina (Avicenna) or Ibn-e Sina is a great philosopher, thinker and the scientist of the Islamic golden age. In the year 980, he was born in a place near Bukhara of old Persia which is now located in central Asia, the country of Uzbekistan.
He then died in 1037 near Hamadan. He has various writings mainly in philosophy and medicine. Besides, he has notes and books on an expansive range of subjects such as alchemy, geography, geology, psychology, Islamic theology, logic, mathematics, physics, astronomy and poetry. His famous book on medicine is known as Canon and is totally popular in Europe and it used to be taught in European medical schools until the modern time.
He has published an autobiography about his ideas, therefore lot is known about his thought and many thinkers have been affected by his ideas because his books were translated and published firstly in Spain, and later in other languages. His mausoleum is located in Hamadan. The present tomb was constructed in 1952 and is a complex which consists of a museum, a library and a tower in the shape of a spindle.
Ganjnameh inscription With a 15 minute ride from Hamadan, you can reach the Ganjnameh inscriptions. This site is located in the southwest of Hamadan in a mountain with a cuneiform set in three languages of ancient Persian (Farsi), Elamite (Ilami) and Babylonian or Baboli. These cuneiforms are dated back to the Achaemenid era. The hand inscription in the left belongs to King Darius I. These inscriptions thank and worship to Ahuramazda (the God). The right inscription belongs to the King Khashayar (Xerxes). The translation of the inscriptions is available in both Persian and English on the site.
Hegmataneh is a hill located in the entrance of the city. According to discovered objects in this site, historians resulted that Hegmataneh has a long history. There were some artifacts discovered in this site by excavators.
This 700 year old monument is considered to be the most significant site for Jewish worship. It was built from stone and bricks. Some sources claim that this building was constructed in the 13th century, while the former construction had been belonged to 11th century. The architecture is Islamic style. The architecture of the monument is designed in Islamic style, but the present inscriptions are in the language of Hebrew. The inscriptions are ten commands and Torah.
The building consists of an entrance gate, a porch, two tombs and a Shah-neshin. Two tombs are located on the site which are the resting place of Esther and Mordechai. According to legend and history, Esther was a Jewish princess who was wife of Khashayar shah (Xerxes, the king). She was the main character in the Biblical book of Esther. According to the bible, Esther was an orphan who rose by his uncle or based on some references his cousin, Mordechai.
Visit Abu Ali Sina Mausoleum, Hegmataneh Hill, Grave of Esther and Mordechai
Try coconut bread, Basugh, Sarkoole, Sujugh, Pikechook, Tele Khonji
Try Ashe Berenj, Ashe Broosh