Tabriz has an attractive history, as its beautiful nature. This city has been located on the Silk Road, on the way toward Western World; so it has many hidden stories to be discovered and a lot to offer.
Tabriz is located in Northwest Iran, in the Quru River valley, surrounded by the mountains from the north, east and west. Sahand Mount is the most important mountain in nearby. In addition, two rivers pass through the city.
People of this region are Muslim and mostly speak Azerbaijani.
When we talk about the ancient history one of the primary sign of ancient civilization comes from 1500 BC.
For two times this city has become one of the most populated cities in the world, one time in 1500 and another time in Safavid Era. The population of Tabriz at that time was equal to the population of Istanbul in Osmania Empire Era.
A number of historical monuments remained from the past are showing the Persian architecture of different periods.
The most historical sites of this city belong to Ilkhanid, Safavid and Qajar.
In the respect to the number of historical houses, Tabriz is pioneer in the country.
According to the historical resources, the traders of Tabriz had connections with The Ottomans, Georgians, Russian and Indians.
Grand Bazaar which is inscribed on The UNESCO World Heritage List was the place of gathering a lot of Craftsmen, traders and merchants along the history.
From the second half of the thirteenth century, the English business men after passing through Istanbul and Trabzon in Turkey were transmitted the commercial goods to this bazaar via Silk Road. So it became the center of business for English men especially at the time of Abbas Mirza in Qajar era.
Tabriz has the record of longest period of being capital in the history of Iran. From 11th century to 19th this city was one the main political cities of the country.
One of the initial cases we can mention is that this city had been the capital of Atropat, who was one of the rulers in Alexandra Empire.
Again at the time of Qajar (from 19th century) this city became the most flourishing city in Iran, so that in this period this city was known as the most important and progressive city in the country.
Along the history this city was active in many different art aspects such as poem, literature, art, calligraphy, history, politics, law, commentary and Philosophy. Most importantly cinema and theater were born here.
Another honor is that the history of hotel industry dates back to 100 years ago.
The international exhibition of Tabriz is the biggest one in Iran. After Tehran, Tabriz has the largest numbers of museums in Iran.
Also leather industry is considered as one of the main industry in this city.
In addition to the business, this city was famous for the culture and art.
The city is famous for its nice handicrafts such as hand-woven rugs, carpet, jewelry, pottery, needlework, cobblestone on copper, embroidery, woodcarving, painting on ceramics, Silver and miniature.
Tabriz is selected by The World Crafts Council as The World Carpet Weaving City in October 2015.
Valuable carpets woven by the artist women, have the highest quality and most specific designs. These carpets have a global reputation and are well known in all over the world.
Local pastries, different kinds of chocolate, dried nuts are well known throughout the country as some of the best.
Therefore, with a brilliant background in the history, art, politic and industry this city has been the gate of west for the East.
The weather is mild in summer and cold in winter. For this reason, Tabriz is considered as a summer resort for the travelers.
Qareh Church, a holy place for Armenian people possibly built in AD 43. This church is a place to pilgrimage of Armenian people and indicates Armenia culture. It was located behind Kurduish village in Chaldoran road. This dazzling place is alternately known as Qareh Kelisa means Black Church. Hills crossing flowering meadows are fabulous in spring. White stones sections of the church were renewed after earthquake. The church was surrounded by fortress style walls.
Tabriz bazaar was registered as the UNESCO World Heritage site. It is a maze of lanes and interlinked structures containing 24 separated Caravanserais and 22 Domed Hall. The sprawling marketplace is at the center of Tabriz. This gigantic Bazaar was erected one thousand in 15th century. There are several carpet sections, according to knot-size and type. Walking around the shops can be interesting. There are many stores in Bazaar like spice shop selling herbal and natural perfumes and two hat shops selling Papakha (a special traditional wool hat). You can also see other stores specialized in gold and general household goods.
Blue mosque is well-known because of its glory. It was built in 1465. Exterior was adorned with blue and majolica tiles and delicate scripts. It was destroyed by earthquake in 1727 and 1773 but it was restored again. The main entrance portico has a blue brick structure with paintings inside it in lower parts around remained tiles. The building has a domed chamber as a small private place for Qareh Koyunlu Shahs. Jahan Shah Tomb is in down section.
This well-made museum, an archeological complex with great historical artifacts and sculptures, located at the center of Tabriz nearby Blue mosque. The building has a brick portal with wooden doors dominated by two stone ram. It has three floors with ground floor including 3000 years old cooper helmet stone ‘pochette’ in Hasanlu town. Exhibits of top floor involve famous ‘Ardebil carpet’. The original carpet is in Victoria and Albert museum in London. This museum also has a coin collection, paintings and statues.
Kandovan is a rocky village, near Tabriz in the province of East Azerbaijan. This village is one of the carved villages of the world.
The architecture of village is extraordinary. Ancient houses were curved inside rocks, aged around 700 years. Carving the houses within the mountain leads to saving the energy during the summertime and the winter.
It keeps the house cool during summer and warm during winter. And it is interesting to know that the inhabitants do not use cooling systems or heating ones for their houses.
Visit Qareh Church, Kandovan Village, Tabriz Bazaar, Blue mosque, Eil Goli and Azerbaijan museum
Try Tabrizi koofteh, Qorabieh, Nuqa, and Ris sweets